JUNK SCIENCE VERSION OF FASTER THAN LIGHT
Part Five: Mythic Theory of Everything
When you already know everything,
Then you will stop looking for answers.
The Mythic Theory of Everything (MToE) is a fabricated theory created as a parody of modern physics. It has been refined to be irritating to all schools of study, but if I have failed to include anyone, please advise and I will make amends. For some it might be seen as pseudo-science, although at this time there is no advocate presenting it as actually being true. I freely agree that it is nonsense and it should not be taken seriously. In that capacity, it can never be anything more than just junk science. Ironically, it demands explicit adherence to the rules that it is built on, so it makes a great thought experiment. This essay addresses how Faster Than Light looks when viewed with the MToE.
This article is part of the series called the Mythic Theory of Everything. If you view my About data, a list of all the other articles can be seen.
Chapter 1 — Background
Do not under any circumstance study the MToE as actual theory. Keep in mind that the proper use of the MToE is to educate from a devil’s advocate position. For example, if I disagree with an aspect of modern physics, e.g. photons, rather than rant and rave about the subject and disavow the volumes of scientific literature, I simply ask the reader to explain why the MToE is wrong. Admittedly, the MToE concept is ridiculous, but it still demands thoughtful rebuttal to dismiss.
The first concept of the MToE states that giant filament loops fill up our universe. The filaments themselves are super strong, immensely long, very thin, and completely friction-less. These loops exist in a jumble that defines our universe. Other jumbles of filaments might well constitute other universes that we can not detect.
The second concept of the MToE states that all energy is transmitted though the filaments that make up the universe. As such, all treatment of electromagnetic phenomena must be viewed as actual waves and vibrations in these filaments.
The third concept states that mass is a stored form of energy when a loop is created in a one of these filaments. The loop can roll along the filament and represents an elemental particle. The loop also rotates around the filament to impart electromagnetic properties.
Details of the original MToE can be found at: A Peek Into The Future Of Physics
An article on the traditional dogma for Faster Than Light is found at: Wikipedia Faster-Than-Light 6 April 2022, at 22:19 (UTC)
The special theory of relativity implies that only particles with zero rest mass (i.e., photons) may travel at the speed of light, and that nothing may travel faster.
A seemingly contradictory article on cosmic inflation is found at: Wikipedia Cosmic Inflation 11 April 2022, at 19:51 (UTC)
… a theory of exponential expansion of space in the early universe. The inflationary epoch lasted from 10e−36 seconds after the conjectured Big Bang singularity to some time between 10e−33 and 10e−32 seconds after the singularity.
The MToE version of the Big Bang is found at: Junk Science Version of the Big Bang
... the filaments would move away from each other at hyper velocities exceeding the speed of light. This is a stage known as inflation. Unable to connect distant portions of the universe, bubble islands will form that isolate the universe into spheres that make up innumerable “visible” universes …
Chapter 2 — Faster Than Light?
Special Relativity pretty much rules out Faster Than Light phenomena; however, in order to rationalize the current size of the universe, some sort of Inflation seems necessary. Without it, the radius of the universe would be the universe’s age in light years, i.e. roughly 13.77 billion light years. The actual size is estimated to be roughly 46.5 billion light-years! You are free to believe any way you want. If you want to believe the world is flat, that is fine, but these are the leading explanations of how the cosmos came to be. At some time in the past, light and matter traveled faster than the current speed of light and depending on your cosmological beliefs may still be doing so.
To be fair, Inflation occurred in the early universe when the rules of space time were more than likely much different than today. Even the MToE itself agrees that it is unlikely for us to generate the same phenomena as we expect to have existed in the distant past.
That is not the end of it though. See the figure at the top of this article. Examine the basic wave-length formula: λ = c/f; where λ (Lambda) = Wavelength in meters; c = Speed of Light (299,792,458 m/s); and f = Frequency. If we have an electromagnetic (EM) wave with a frequency of 1, then it will travel a distance of c × 1s = 299,792,458 m, and will have a wave-length of 299,792,458 m. In other words, after traveling roughly the distance to the moon, it will make one sine wave peek or valley. Now, we do not know off hand exactly how tall or deep that deviation is, but we do know it is greater than zero. Thus the EM wave has traveled faster than light, even though the EM speed is clocked at the speed of light!
For photons this is a significant observation. Imagine a car traveling over a set of hills. In order to maintain an average velocity at the speed limit for the road, it must attain a speed greater than the speed limit and as the number of hills (frequency) increases, that speed must increase as well. Although one might be tempted to think this would explain why high frequency photons hold more energy, it is not the case at all. In this case, photons must be treated as waves. The distance between pairs of peeks determines the distance traveled and the average velocity is determined by the time it takes. Portions of the wave move up and down by small amounts, but basically stay in the same place. Wave motion is an optical illusion much like movies are produced by rapidly displaying single image pictures.
There is of course a problem for photons as the localized wave movement may be huge, but that is not really my problem. The MToE has a solution, but also another problem. The MToE filaments are long enough to support full wave development, but they are impossibly long. More significantly, both models have points of contact (peek top to valley bottom) that occur at positions that appear outside allowed values if the speed of light is strictly followed. Quiet frankly, even basic wave motion exceeds the speed of light. When the frequency is increased, the amplitude will decrease and the error will trend toward zero.
For photons the simplest solution might be to assume photons (even when treated as waves) sometimes travel faster than the speed of light, but I suspect the more likely explanation is that the classic EM wave simply does not represent the weirdness of quantum citizens. Perhaps photons simply teleport between peek and valley as quantum mechanics does not actually rule this out. It makes me no difference, I am not here to fight windmills. For EM waves in the MToE; however, we can examine the filaments that are the medium that carry the wave. What is happening with them?
Chapter 3 — The MToE Wave Model
When we look at the MToE filaments moving in EM waves, we simply see that sometimes the position on the wave is indeed moving faster than the speed of light. Going back to the example of the car and the hills, we see that in reality, the car is really a boat and the road is really a wave on water. The bobbing about increases the virtual distance traveled, but the boat has the same speed it would otherwise have had if it were traveling on calm water. When traveling from the crest of the wave to the tough the boat picks up speed and when climbing back to the crest it loses that speed, but the average speed remains constant. The magic of the wave is that segments of the wave only move up and down in a limited manner, typically never really approaching anything consequential. See the figure at the top of this article. If we exam the distance AC or BE it is typically around the size of the wave-length of the wave. The Compton (photon equivalence) wavelength of the electron is 2.42e−12 m. Dividing by half a second, gives us a velocity of 4.84e−12 m/s, which is somewhat less than the speed of light. (Ignore the hypotenuse of AD. Remember that the wave segment is only moving up and down, not side wise.) The bottom line here is that the MToE EM waves do not exceed the speed of light.
One might wonder why photons can not do the same thing. Well in simplest terms, Quantum Mechanics will not allow them to “float” in a medium. There is a reason for this, basically any medium has the potential to impede particle movement. For example the speed of a photon in a vacuum is 299,792,458 m/s, which is faster than the speed of light when passing through a glass medium, which is around 200,000,000 m/s. Consequently, the Quantum Math is formulated to avoid the need for any medium. (This solution is high in cleverness, but low in comprehension for ordinary folks.)
Chapter 4 — Frequency and Tension
If we increase the wave frequency, the wave-lengths will decrease, so they are still a manageable displacement. What is happening, though, is the trans-momentum of the wave filament as it is flung up and down is increasing. This shows up as an increase in the energy of the EM wave. This will factor into a limit of how large the wave can become and maintain a limit on the speed of light. What this means is that we can not increase the energy of an EM wave in order to accelerate it past the speed of light. It will simply trend toward a flat line. (Although it will have a lot of energy!)
What we need is a mechanism similar to inflation. MToE inflation involves whipping filaments in an intense jump rope like motion. This is also the MToE motion for electrons orbiting a nucleus. The heavy atoms like gold have huge electron shells and can whip the electrons at more than half the speed of light. For the MToE that is an entire exclusion zone in a single shell loop.
If we hit an electron on the gold atom with a positron and annihilate the electron (and the positron), it would instantly super charge the EM wave and simultaneously release it to space. Would it travel faster than the speed of light. Maybe, but it would most likely be short lived and create a particle stream after a traveling a minor distance. Other than the stream, we probably could not even detect it.
Probably the only chance at Faster than Light might lie in creating tension (longitudinal) waves in the filaments. This would be much like how fast a sound wave travels in water (around 1500 m/s) compared to how fast a wave propagates (around 200 m/s). We repeat the gold electron experiment, but with several thousand positrons. The axis of all the gold atoms would need to be aligned in one direction. We would expect the target to take damage regardless of everything else, but would the damage take place before the arrival of a normal EM wave? If the target were pulled toward the projectile array it would be equally interesting.
Chapter 5 — Quantum Entanglement
Although there is a great temptation to explain Quantum Entanglement with filament properties and by extension Faster than Light communication, I have up to this time declined. I once said:
“Although, it might seem logical to apply strings to the problem, I am reluctant to step on that land mine. My view of the problem is that it either has a very simple explanation, i.e. it is magic, or it is showing a violation of one or more fundamental laws of physics, i.e. it is faster than light. Neither is particularly appealing.”
Reluctantly, I have reversed my original thinking and have decided to examine Quantum Entanglement. My simplistic understanding of Quantum Entanglement has always been this:
“Gather a herd of particles, make them dance in unison, then send them on a trip and play weird games with them.”
An article on Quantum Entanglement is found at: Wikipedia Quantum Entanglement 19 April 2022, at 01:11 (UTC)
... predictions of quantum mechanics were verified in tests where polarization or spin of entangled particles was measured at separate locations, statistically violating Bell's inequality. In earlier tests, it couldn't be ruled out that the result at one point could have been subtly transmitted to the remote point, affecting the outcome at the second location. However, so-called "loophole-free" Bell tests have been performed where the locations were sufficiently separated that communications at the speed of light would have taken longer—in one case, 10,000 times longer—than the interval between the measurements.
If I could stop there and proclaim the MToE therefore shows Faster than Light behavior at 10,000 × c, I would be doing no service at all. The question now falls to me, “How exactly in the context of the MToE could this happen?”
As an example of entanglement: a subatomic particle decays into an entangled pair of other particles.
If a common filament were involved this would be a home run as the two particles are indeed trapped on the same filament. For the MToE this occurs during particle decay.
However, that may not be what happens in all cases as separate particles on separate filaments may be involved.
An early experimental breakthrough was due to Carl Kocher, who already in 1967 presented an apparatus in which two photons successively emitted from a calcium atom were shown to be entangled – the first case of entangled visible light.Local hidden variable theories fail, however, when measurements of the spin of entangled particles along different axes are considered.
In the case of separate filaments, we must consider the twisting of the filaments involved with the MToE atomic theory. When the photons escape, they will struggle with the effect of this intertwining and most likely will all have a common alteration similar to polarization. Obviously, if two photons go through a polarization filter, we would expect a measurement of their polarization to match, much like two bullets fired from the same rifle have the same ballistics marks.
Sadly, the best explanation of Quantum Entanglement is probably a discredited theory of Hidden Variables and not Faster than Light behavior. Although photons in intertwined configurations will live in the same encapsulated environment pretty much indefinitely and most likely will influence each other, they are fraternal twins from birth for all practical purposes and will be so in a million years. (If I am wrong, I can not really lose on this one…)
See Wikipedia Hidden Variables Theory 8 April 2022, at 17:33 (UTC)
Also see Wikipedia EPR Paradox 16 April 2022, at 18:34 (UTC)
On the bright side, nothing prohibits some clever soul from figuring out how to send information via Quantum Entanglement, not for Faster than Light communication, but for secrecy. Imagine there are a pair of tokens that exist, you have one and a friend has the other, when you check the token it can be coded binary zero or binary one, but no one knows until you check it. Because the tokens will give the same information to each person, when you read it you can determine what your friend is seeing. You then send a message, “On 0 we will meet at location A and on 1 we meet at location B.” The message will not travel faster than the speed of light, but if you are using Quantum Entanglement no one can read the key so your communication remains reasonably secret. (But only as long as a spy is not looking over your shoulder.)
Chapter 6 — Conclusions
If the MToE were a real theory, there might be some possibility of developing a Faster than Light capability. Sadly, there is no such theory, so by default Special Relativity is still the rule book and there is no such thing, except maybe during Cosmic Inflation, but no one knows how to duplicate that. So… maybe… maybe not.
Chapter 7 — Quiz Time
Logic Problem 1:
Your map shows the distance between point A and B as 30 miles. If you drive this route and your odometer shows greater than 30 miles, what could be an explanation?
(A) The route between A and B is not a straight line. The route may have curves or hills.
(B) Your tires are under size and travel a smaller distance than the odometer is set to read.
(C) The map is incorrect.
(D) The road was slick and your tires spun occasionally. The route may have been icy.
(E) You took a side trip and forgot to account for it.
Logic Problem 2:
Your map shows the distance between point A and B as 30 miles. If you drive this route and your odometer shows less than 30 miles, what could be an explanation?
(A) The vehicle was ferried part of the distance.
(B) Your tires are over size and travel a greater distance than the odometer is set to read.
(C) The map is incorrect.