JUNK SCIENCE VERSION OF LIFE AND DEATH OF AN ELECTRON

Part Six: Mythic Theory of Everything

To live is also to die.
Paul Auster
Sequential images showing the transformation of a wave into two loops
Birth of an Electron

Foreword

The Mythic Theory of Everything (MToE) is a fabricated theory created as a parody of modern physics. It has been refined to be irritating to all schools of study, but if I have failed to include anyone, please advise and I will make amends. For some it might be seen as pseudo-science, although at this time there is no advocate presenting it as actually being true. I freely agree that it is nonsense and it should not be taken seriously. In that capacity, it can never be anything more than just junk science. Ironically, it demands explicit adherence to the rules that it is built on, so it makes a great thought experiment. This essay addresses how Life and Death of an Electron looks when viewed with the MToE.

If anyone follows these little adventures in distraction, they might wonder why I continue to study the junk science of the MToE, especially given that I really do not believe in it. Basically, I keep looking for a fatal flaw in the MToE. Sadly, the theory contains too much ambiguity to pin down the specifics that would invalidate it. The MToE lives in a niche where physical reality disappears, a.k.a. the quantum realm.

Quantum Mechanics is to physics what bookkeeping is to banking, but instead of money it balances energy accounts. Once upon a time, physics dealt with real particles, just like banking once dealt with real coins, but now both are abstractions. An electron is .511 MeV of energy, nothing more, and the cost of a 20 oz soda is $1.99 in 2022 dollars. If you are not convinced, just visualize the coins that you would need: seven quarters, two dimes, and four pennies. (It’s been a while hasn’t it? Just pull out a credit card and pay for it!)

The MToE is a throw back to the 19th Century and tries to rationalize particles as real objects. It does not contradict Quantum Mechanics any more than paying for a soda with pocket change contradicts the rules of banking. It is just not considered a relevant area of study today due to the success of mathematical expressions in explaining 20th Century physics. For all you modern Luddites, though, enjoy the anarchism.

This article is part of the series called the Mythic Theory of Everything. If you view my About data, a list of all the other articles can be seen.

Chapter 1 — Background

Do not under any circumstance study the MToE as actually theory. Keep in mind that the proper use of the MToE is to educate from a devil’s advocate position. For example, if I disagree with an aspect of modern physics, e.g. photons, rather than rant and rave about the subject and disavow the volumes of scientific literature, I simply ask the reader to explain why the MToE is wrong. Admittedly, the MToE concept is ridiculous, but it still demands thoughtful rebuttal to dismiss.

The first concept of the MToE states that giant filament loops fill up our universe. The filaments themselves are super strong, immensely long, very thin, and completely friction-less. These loops exist in a jumble that defines our universe. Other jumbles of filaments might well constitute other universes that we can not detect.

The second concept of the MToE states that all energy is transmitted though the filaments that make up the universe. As such, all treatment of electromagnetic phenomena must be viewed as actual waves and vibrations in these filaments.

The third concept states that mass is a stored form of energy when a loop is created in a one of these filaments. The loop can roll along the filament and represents an elemental particle. The loop also rotates around the filament to impart electromagnetic properties.

Details of the original MToE can be found at: A Peek Into The Future Of Physics

An article on the Electron Creation is found at: Wikipedia Pair Production ….. 4 May 2022, at 08:29 (UTC)

An article on the Electron Destruction is found at: Wikipedia Electron–Positron Annihilation … 4 May 2022, at 08:27 (UTC)

Chapter 2 — The Birth of an Electron

Here is a brief explanation of the electron–positron Pair Production. (1) We need an atom (or nucleus) and a high energy gamma ray. (2) When the gamma ray interacts with the atom, i.e. collides, it is transformed into an electron and a positron. This is, by the way, the actual way it works in the real world.

On examination of the illustration at the start of the article, which is how Pair Production looks using the MToE, we are left with many questions. I will get to some of those in a bit.

For the quantum mechanics version see: Feynman diagram of electron–positron pair production.

Gamma ray splits into pair of particles where one spirals clockwise and the other counter clockwise.
Birth of an Electron as seen in a Particle Detector

When this is viewed in a particle detector with a strong magnetic field, we see the physical manifestation of the process. The magnetic field bends the path of the particles according to their electric charges. If the magnetic field is removed, the electron and positron will exit the view toward the bottom of the illustration in straight lines.

Although I would love to present a representation of how the whole thing looks in the MToE, magnetic field and all, I am limited by two constraints. First, the material would greatly bulk up this discussion with information that is unnecessary at this time and second, I really do not have a good grip on what the most plausible mechanism would be to make this work. Sadly, the filament universe does not resolve itself any easier than the real universe does. Maybe I can do this at a later date.

For now, going back to the MToE and the birth of an electron in Pair Production, what exactly is going on? First we see a gamma ray approaching an atomic nucleus. The prevailing thought seems to be that the gamma ray must encroach on the nucleus of an atom or ion and is corroborated by the “target” recoiling at the end of the process. As far as the MToE is concerned, the gamma ray simply must be shocked by some impact and flattened into a particle. See Junk Science Mass/Energy Equivalence for more details. The MToE requires that the gamma ray must have circular polarization. Quantum Dynamics requires that the minimum energy of the gamma ray is twice the energy of the particle being produced, e.g. 1.022 MeV for an electron/positron pair. Any extra energy is converted into particle mass and velocity as governed by Special Relativity.

In the second frame, the newly created particle exists for some fraction of a second, then in the third frame it becomes unstable. There are plenty of ways to speculate on why this happens. Perhaps, the density of filaments restricts the particle from freely rotating. Think of a kite caught in tree limbs.

Regardless, by the fourth frame, the particle folds in half and in the fifth frame it separates into two separate particles that move away in opposite directions. Not shown is the fact the particles are rotating with a common inherited motion. In the illustration they are both tumbling toward the viewer; however, as they are moving in opposing directions one is left handed and the other is right handed. Wikipedia Chirality, 30 April 2022, at 09:29 (UTC), provides further confusion on the subject. Essentially, pretend to wrap your right hand around the particle with your fingers following the direction of rotation and note the direction your thumb is pointing. If your thumb points in the direction the particle is moving it is right handed; otherwise it is left handed.

The MToE adds another property, right handed particles (electrons) are negatively charged and left handed particles (positrons) are positively charged. Be aware that particles can theoretically travel in the opposite direction thus creating left handed electrons and right handed positrons. The MToE has no problem with this.

Loops move right or left while rotating clockwise and anti-clockwise during annihilation.
The Four States of Electrons and Positrons in Annihilation

In the illustration above we have a normal view where we have right handed electrons (negative) and left handed positrons (positive). When we reverse the directions that the particles travel, we get right handed positrons (negative) and left handed electrons (positive). Keep in mind this is not a recognized phenomena for modern physics. It is a something that only the MToE predicts. In this diagram there is also something else important happening. The nature of the particles is unchanged, i.e. electrons are still electrons and positrons are still positrons. You can see this when you follow the way the particles can still annihilate each other in either view. When they collide with each other, they fold up and disappear, the opposite of the fold over process that creates them.

Loops move right or left while rotating clockwise and anti-clockwise during collisions.
The Four States of Electrons and Positrons in Collisions

In the next illustration we have right and left handed electrons colliding and right and left handed positrons colliding. In both cases the collisions do not result in outright annihilation since the cross overs in the loops are the same. That does not mean that something violent might not be happening. The loops would tend to double up with no way to pass each other. The resulting tangle can resolve in many different ways, but ultimately the loops will most likely not survive.

It must be remembered that these are single filament (in line) particle collisions, where for some odd reason both particles are on the same filament. Although this might be common for virtual particles that form and loop back to destroy each other, it is not common in the universe as a whole. The majority of collisions occur in the 3D world where the particles are on separate filaments. The rules for that form of mortal combat are completely different and will be discussed later.

The contrary concept of a particle changing direction and reversing its electric charge is a fundamental aspect of the MToE. When modern physics demonstrates that this is not true, the MToE will be completely invalidated. Sadly, although it is widely assumed that this is not true, I have not found any real evidence to support this. This is basically because everyone knows it can not be true, so there is no urgency to study it. When the evidence actually becomes available, I will quietly give the MToE a RIP and hopefully move on.

Chapter 3 — Finding a Home

Most electrons live in homes called atoms where they are in cohabitation with protons and neutrons. The electrons are drawn to the protons by electromagnetic forces. In the MToE this is the result of mass loop rotations that create eddies in the filament structure when the particle loops whip into adjacent filaments. Depending on whether particles rotate clockwise or counter clockwise, the eddies draw or repulse other particles. At typical distances, the eddies will not synchronize with the particles, but after some fluctuations, they will eventually align in an orientation of Quantum Gears. At this point they will start to orbit each other. See A Peek Into The Future Of Physics for more details.

The orbital loops that the electrons make around the atomic nuclei will create the atomic Exclusion Zones. Filaments and mass loops that originate outside the atom must have perfect timing to penetrate into the nucleus due to the extreme speed of the rotating loops and the Electron Shells that they create. See Wiki Atomic Orbitals … 2 June 2022, at 12:58 (UTC) for traditional thought on Electron Shells.

Wire model rotates to show orbital configuration of electrons of a helium atom.
Electron Orbital — Helium

The illustration above shows the configuration of the electron shell of a helium atom. Please note that this model is not to scale and the particles are abstracted to reduce the size of the model, but it is a representation of the way filaments and loops would need to orient in the MToE to form an atom. Also note that the speed of rotation had been reduced significantly.

Wire frame showing two hydrogen atoms linked top to bottom.
Hydrogen Molecule

The previous illustration shows the configuration of the (1S) electron shell of two hydrogen atoms that have merged into a hydrogen molecule. When atoms form molecules they keep an electron shell similar to the original shell, but they must use two electrons to complete the structure, one from each atom. The previous illustration shows the configuration of the (1S) electron shell of two hydrogen atoms that have merged into a hydrogen molecule. When atoms form molecules they keep an electron shell similar to the original shell, but they must use two electrons to complete the structure, one from each atom. The MToE rule for pairs of electrons in shells is that the they must orbit with a line of sight that goes through the center of mass of the protons of the involved atoms. In addition, each new shell must envelope all the previous shells. This concept is illustrated below.

Graphic showing a series of fish enveloped by larger fish.
Big and Little Fish

Imagine a small fish consumed by a larger fish and in turn that fish being consumed by an even larger fish. If we use this to demonstrate the shell concept of the MToE, then the yellow dots show where the electrons would be located. In short time we realize that the position of the red dots is a more efficient configuration. The result is shown in the next illustration.

Wire model showing nested electron shell in a carbon atom.
Electron Orbital (2S/SP)

When we get to the (2S/2P) shells, they fit outside the (1S) shell, but they must rotate in an elliptical structure. For the MToE the (2S) and the (2P) shells are the same configuration. This is contrary to conventional thought where the (1S) and (2S) shells are the same and the (2P) is wildly different, poking out at right angles from the nucleus. Conventional geometry is influenced by molecules like beryllium hydride … 6 June 2022, at 11:04 (UTC), that are straight and favor the (2S) configuration. However, as soon as we have enough electrons, we jump to a tetrahedral configuration that is definitely not (2P). See water … 16 June 2022, at 15:15 (UTC), and methane … 16 June 2022, at 15:52 (UTC). With that in mind, I think the MToE actually makes more sense. Below is the complete electron structure for carbon.

Wire model rotates to show orbital configuration of electrons of a carbon atom.
Electron Orbitals — Carbon

Even looking at it, the structure is still difficult to see. There are two filaments in the inner shell and an electron rides on each, creating an inner electron ring. There are four filaments in the outside shell and a single electron rides on each filament, creating four outer electron rings. When we merge a hydrogen atom to each shell to create methane, they grow in length, pushing outward, but they stay in the same orientation. The result is be a tetrahedral molecule that looks a little like this.

Wire model of a methane molecule that resembles two sets of insect wings mounted crosswise and backward on a football body.
Electron Orbitals — Methane

If it catches you a little by surprise, well, it does the same thing to me. This is because we are trained to think of a tetrahedron as a three sided pyramid, not as two wing shapes stacked crosswise and backward. It is, however, the real thing. (Use this interactive toy to see how it works.)

Chapter 4 — Dust to Dust

Although “Dust to Dust” is cute, technically it is energy returned to energy. We have seen the single filament (in line) particle annihilation, now we need to discuss the 3D particle annihilation when they are on separate filaments. Refer once again to Wikipedia Electron–Positron Annihilation … 4 May 2022, at 08:27 (UTC).

Floating through space the electron and the positron are attracted to each other via electromagnetic forces. They can actually form a pseudo-atom called positronium … 5 June 2022, at 05:39 (UTC), where they circle each other in an unstable fatal duel.

Ultimately, they must face each other. The Quantum Gear ratio is one, so they can approach each other so closely that their filament rotation actually slaps into one other. Thus the MToE implies that they literally beat each other to death, whacking each other until they become destabilized and in most cases collapsing back into two gamma rays.

Chapter 5 — Conclusions

I thought the electron orbitals would challenge the MToE. Again, I have failed.

Perhaps a left handed electron with a negative charge will be discovered. I can always hope.

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JB Johnson

JB Johnson

I am a science and technology junky and this is my place where I can share my ideas.